During his lifetime, Dr. Julian wrote more than one hundred sixty research papers and held more than one hundred thirty patents.(32) He was the recipient of numerous awards, citations, and honors. In 1947, the NAACP bestowed the Spingarn Medal upon him.(33) He won the Scroll of Honor Award of the American Institute of Chemists in 1964 and the Chemical Pioneer Award of the American Institute of Chemists in 1968.(34) Dr. Julian was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1973, "a rare honor for a private researcher," and was awarded the Proctor Prize by the Society of Sigma Xi in 1974.(35) A recipient of eighteen honorary degrees from universities, Dr. Julian was also a member of the Board of Trustees of DePauw University, Fisk University, Howard University, Roosevelt University, and South Union College.(36) He was a fellow of the American Chemical Society, American Institute of Chemistry, and the New York Academy of Sciences.(37) Drs. Percy Lavon Julian and George Washington Carver were inducted as the first African Americans in the National Inventors Hall of Fame in Akron, Ohio, on April 9, 1990.(38) Dr. Julian was the "16th American" to be honored by the United States Postal Service in its Black Heritage stamp series.(39)

      Dr. Percy Lavon Julian died on April 19, 1975 at St. Theresa’s Hospital in Waukegan, Illinois.(40) He was seventy-six years old. He was married to Dr. Anna Johnson Julian, a Phi Beta Kappa sociology graduate of the University of Pennsylvania.(41) The Julians had two children, Percy Julian, Jr., a lawyer, and a daughter, Faith Roselle.(42). Dr. Julian also had a foster son, Leon R. Ellis, two brothers, three sisters, and one grandchild.(43)               


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June 2001