Because of this discovery, the "rare and expensive drug" became available to all segments of society.(17) Another discovery was the isolation of soya protein that became the basis for "Aero-Foam," the fire-fighting foam that shaved the lives of numerous military personnel in World War II.(18) Dr. Julian also discovered a more economical way "to extract sterols from soya bean oil for the manufacturing of sex hormones."(19)

     In 1954, Dr. Julian established the Julian Laboratories in Oak Park, Illinois, and in Mexico City.(20) He also established the laboratory Empress Agro-Quimica Guatemaleca in Guatemala.(21) From research in his own laboratories, Dr. Julian was able to "produce a substance from Mexican wild yams for the manufacture of synthetic cortisone."(22) He sold his Oak Park interests in 1961 to Smith, Kline and French Laboratories for $2,338,000 but continued to serve as president of the company at a generous salary.(23) In 1964, Dr. Julian established Julian Associates, Inc. and the Julian Institute in Franklin Park, Illinois.(24) He also continued to serve as a consultant to Smith, Kline and French Laboratories, to the Upjohn Company, and to Ciba, Ltd., of Basle, Switzerland.(25)

     As a civil rights advocate, Dr. Julian was active throughout his life "in the affairs of many civic, social, and religious organizations" and served on numerous committees dealing with issues of health, public service, and human rights.(26) His baptism in the civil rights arena occurred in 1950 when he moved his family into the all-white, exclusive area of Oak Park, Illinois. On Thanksgiving Day 1950, arsonists attempted to burn the Julian home.(27) On June 12, 1951, a "dynamite bomb was tossed at the house from a speedy car."(28) Doctor Julian was forced to hire private guards to protect his home "round-the-clock for two years."(29) In 1956, Dr. Julian became the first African American and first layman to head the Council for Social Action of the Congregational Christian Churches. (30) He became co-chairman in 1967, with Asa T. Spaulding, president of the North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance Company, "of a group of 47 wealthy or successful Blacks enlisted by the Legal Defense and Educational Fund of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) to raise $1 million to finance lawsuits to enforce civil rights legislation."(31)


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June 2001