1. Laughlin McDonald, "The 1982 Amendment of Section 2 and      Minority Representation," in Controversies in Minority Voting, ed. Bernard Grofman and Chandler Davidson (Washington, DC:   Brookings Institution, 1992), 81.

  2. Charles Cameron, David Epstein and Sharyn O'Halloran, "Do     Majority-Minority Districts Maximize Substantive Black       Representation in Congress?" American Political Science  Review, 90, 4 (December 1996): 810.

  3. Kenny J. Whitby and Franklin D. Gilliam, Jr., "A Longitudinal        Analysis of Competing Explanations for the Transformation of     Southern Congressional Politics," Journal of Politics 53 (2 May 1991), 516.

  4. Cameron, Epstein and O'Holloran, "Majority-Minority Districts," 795.  The author    also points to a finding by Lubin who found that a representative's voting behavior was influenced "with a structural break at 40% Black population."  Ibid, 797.

  5. Eric Moskowitz, "Representing the Poor:  A Study of the Political Behavior of Members Of Congress from High Poverty Districts," Department of Political Science, College of Wooster, paper       presented at the 1991 Midwest Political Science Association     Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, April 18-21, 1991, 15.
  6. Singh, CBC, 143.

  7. Swain, Black Faces, 211-212.

  8. Kwame Ture and Charles Hamilton, Black Power:  The Politics of Liberation (New York:   Vintage Books/Random House, 1992), 46.

  9. James Washington, Jr., ed., A Testament of Hope:  The
    Essential Writings of Martin Luther King, Jr.
    (New York:  Harper and Row, 1986), 198.

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November 1999