In the work, Black
Power, by Carmichael and Hamilton, the authors labored to make the distinction between
colonial forms of politics, which Blacks had both in Africa and America, and modern forms
of politics that fostered self determination. The point is clear:
"The point is obvious:
black people must lead and in their own organizations. Only black people can convey the
revolutionary idea -- and it is a revolutionary idea-- that black people are able to do
things for themselves. Only they can help create in the community an aroused and
continuing black consciousness that will provide the basis for political strength.....
They must achieve self-identity and self-determination in order to have their daily needs
This analysis then proceeds to
use Lowndnes County Alabama as an example where civil rights activists were working and
where the achievement of voting rights, with which Blacks could be elected to office,
would make possible the leadership of Blacks to solve daily problems.
this objective might be perceived to be that of a so-called "militant" or
"radical" perspective, then perhaps the view of the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.
might suffice to suggest its normality. As early as May of 1957, he addressed this issue
in the following terms:
us the ballot and we will no longer have to worry the federal government about our basic
Give us the ballot and we will
no longer plead to the federal government for passage of an antilynching law; we will by
the power of our vote, write the law on the statute books of the southern states and bring
an end to the dastardly acts of the hooded perpetrators of violence.