However, the fact that the first phase of the project is now completed is due to the leadership of Dr. Janet Sims-Wood who succeeded me as Project Director, and to the members of the Moorland-Spingarn staff. I congratulate you all for achieving this very important milestone and I urge you to complete the second phase of the project: documenting the Act’s history, from 1985 to the present.



  1. American Civil Liberties Union.  “Reaffirmation or Requiem for the Voting rights Act?  The Court Will Decide,”  A Public Policy Alert, May 1995, 4.

  2. Wayne Arden, Bernard Grofman, and Lisa Handley, “The Impact of Redistricting on African-American Representation in the U.S. Congress and State Legislatures in the 1990s," in Race and Representation, The National Political Science Review, Vol. 6, Persons, Georgia A., Editor,   New Brunswick (U.S.A.): Transaction Publishers, 1997,  p.35.

  3. Arden, Grofman and Handley, "The Impact of Redistricting," 4.

  4. Ibid. 5.








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November 1999