1. This article is adapted from a paper presented at "The Voting Rights Act, 1965-2007: Documentation of the Past, Implications for the Future" A Symposium on the Voting Rights Act, at the Moorland- Spingarn Research Center, Howard University, October 20, 1999. The author gratefully acknowledges the data compilation and editing assistance of Hinda Adele Barlaz.

  2. Also note that by 1975 there were more than 50 Black elected state legislators in the South, but there were less than 20 Black elected officials among the 300 respondents interviewed by Jack Solomon Bass and Walter DeVries in 11 southern states between 1973 and 1975 for the Southern Politics series of the Southern Oral History Project.

  3. A discussion of the planning, funding and administration of Phase I and II of the Voting Rights Act Documentation Project (VRADP) is presented elsewhere in this volume. This essay discusses the Project's methodology and some of my observations in conducting the Project's oral interviews. Please note that because the Moorland Spingarn Research Center has not yet released the VRADP tapes and transcripts for use by the pubic, I have refrained from quoting from the Project's interviewees at this time. Also, this essay uses "interviewees" and "oral authors" interchangeably.

  4. U.S. Department of Justice, Voting Rights Division, "Report on Issues Relating to African American History... District," May 27, 1994.  Rev. July 14, 1994.  (Used for argument before U.S. District Court in 1994 and the U.S. Supreme Court in 1995).

  5. The southern states required to undergo Justice Department preclearance are in alphabetical order, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas and Virginia.

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November 1999