Notes

1. Frederick Douglass, My Bondage and My Freedom (1855), Philip S. Foner, Editor, Dover Publications Edition (New York: Dover Publications, 1969), 38.

2. W.E.B. DuBois, The Autobiography of W.E.B. DuBois: A Soliloquy on Viewing My Life from the Last Decade of Its First Century (New York: International Publishers, 1968), 75.

3. Ibid., 74.

4. Douglass, My Bondage, 37.

5. Booker T. Washington, Up From Slavery, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1983), 2.

6. Douglass, 34.

7. Washington, 1.

8. DuBois, 74.

9. David Levering Lewis, W.E.B. DuBois: Biography of a Race (New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1994), 45.

10. Douglass, 45.

11. Ibid., 90.

12. Washington, Up From Slavery, 12.

13. Lewis, 34.

14. Washington, 4.

15. Ibid., 23.

 

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August 1999