12.  Wilbur P. Thirkield, Report of the President of Howard University to the Secretary of the Interior, June 30, 1911 (series hereinafter cited as Report of the President (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1911), 5.

13.  H.T. Kealing, "Addresses," H.U. Record, 11-14; "Johnson Inaugural," RF, HUA, 14; and Wilbur P. Thirkield, "Address," H.U. Record, 20-24.

14.  Carl Kelsey, "Addresses," H.U. Record, 10; Congress, House, Congressman Carl E. Mapes speaking about address by Hon. Louis C. Cramton on "Howard University, the Negro and the Nation," 75th Cong., 1st sess., Congressional Record 81, pt. 9 (5 March 1937): Appendix 424-27; "Inaugural Address of Wilbur P. Thirkield, November 15, 1907, " Reference Files, Howard University Archives, Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University, Washington, D.C., 37-38; John Gordon, "Gordon Inaugural," RF, HUA, 44; "Johnson Inaugural," RF, HUA, 1-2, 7-10; and Wilbur P. Thirkield, "Addresses," H.U. Record, 19.

15.  "Johnson Inaugural," RF, HUA, 14.

16.  Bryon Sunderland, Report of the President 1867-1868, 15-16; and Thomas C. Battle and Clifford L. Muse, Jr. Howard In Retrospect: Images of the Capstone (Washington, D.C.: Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University, 1995), 1-4.

17.  Catalogue of the Officers and Students of Howard University, 1870-71 (series hereinafter cited as Catalogue) (Washington, D.C.: Judd and Detweiler, 1869), 19; Catalogue, 1871-1972, 23; Catalogue, 1873-1874, 12; Catalogue, 1874-1876, 5; Logan, Howard University, 38; and Oliver Otis Howard, Report of the President, 1873, 5.

18.  Jeremiah E. Rankin, Report of the President, 1896, 4.

19.  Battle and Muse, Howard In Retrospect, 1-4.

20.  Ibid.; Catalogue, 1878-1879, 4; and Sunderland, Report of the President, 1867-1868, 14-16.

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August 1999