1868 (continued)
  • George F. T. Cook is superintendent of the Colored Public Schools of Washington and Georgetown.
  • Law Department at Howard University is founded by John Mercer Langston.
  • Full citizenship and equal civil rights are granted to Blacks after passage of 14th Amendment by Congress.
  • Howard University Normal Department and Preparatory Departments open.
  • Howard University Collegiate Department opens.
  • Howard University School of Medicine opens.
  • J. W. Menard is elected to Congress from Louisiana but refused seat by the House.
  • G. W. Williams organizes students at Howard on a military basis.
  • Francis L. Cardoza is the first Black elected to a state cabinet office and serves in South Carolina.
  • Hampton Institute is founded.
  • Clark College is founded in Atlanta, GA.
  • Rev. Hiram R. Revels is elected to the Mississippi State Senate.
  • George L. Ruffin is 1st Black to graduate from Harvard Law School.
  • Howard University School of Law opens.
  • In Washington, Frederick Douglass founds the New National Era (1869-1872).
  • Morgan Colleges is founded.
  • John Mercer Langston becomes Dean of Howard University's Law School.
  • George Boyer Vashon is first Black lawyer admitted to bar in District of Columbia.
  • Dillard University is founded.

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August 1999