1866
  • Congress passes Civil Rights Bill.
  • Fisk University opens in Nashville, TN.
  • Members of the First Congregational Society of Washington propose the establishment of theological seminary that will become Howard University.
  • Edward G. Walker and Charles L. Mitchell are first Blacks elected to a state legislature, the Massachusetts House of Representatives.
  • Race riots erupt in New Orleans.
  • First national Ku Klux Klan convention is held.
1867
  • Howard University is chartered by the United States Congress.
  • George Vashon is the first Black professor at Howard University
  • The Howard University seal is adopted with the motto "Equal Rights and Knowledge for All."
  • Slave Songs of the United States, by William Allen, Charles Ware, and Lucy McKim Garrison is first publication of a collection of Negro spirituals.
  • Establishment of the Peabody Education Fund marks the first philanthropist fund that works to advance Negro education.
  • Talladega, Morehouse and Johnson C. Smith colleges are founded.
  • Negro in the American Rebellion by W. W. Brown is published.
  • First Black to serve as a town mayor is Monroe Baker of St. Martin, Louisiana.
  • Ku Klux Klan holds national convention.
1868
  • W. E. B. DuBois is born.
  • American Anti Slavery Society dissolves.

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August 1999