Resolved: That no such makeshift as this Exodus manifestly is, can be or ought be accepted by our people, as a substitute for the due and proper enforcement of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments of the Constitution in every State of the American Union; and that until such due and proper enforcement of law is had, the Government of the United States will be shorn of its rightful power and dignity, the sovereignty of the Nation will be an empty name; the late rebellion will have triumphed, the loyal North will have been humbled, the rebel South will have been exalted, and the authority of the individual State will have been placed above that of the United States.

       Resolved: That our people should be especially warned against the habit of roaming from place to place in pursuit of better conditions of existence, and should be earnestly advised to make their immediate surroundings accord with their wants and wishes; that a wandering life, is a wasteful expenditure of time and energy; that no people ever did much for themselves, or for the world, without the sense and inspiration which arise out of native land, home, neighborhood, and common associations. That the face of being to the manor born has an elevating power on the mind and heart, and should not be parted with without absolute necessity; that in so far as this Exodus tends to promote restlessness among our people, to unsettle their feeling of home, to sacrifice positive advantages where they are, for fancied benefits elsewhere of which they know nothing, it is an evil, and should not be encouraged.

       Resolved: That one of the most plausible and subtle enemies which the Anti-Slavery Movement was called to encounter in its demand for the abolition of slavery upon American soil, was the scheme proposing an Exodus of the colored people to Africa. It was contended that the Negro could never be free and flourish on American soil, that the Atlantic was his Red Sea, that Africa was his land of Canaan, the Colonization Society was his Moses, and that Divine Providence was leading him on to a land of safety. This African Exodus did much in its day to darken counsel, confuse the judgement, and benumb the national conscience, and make it regard the oppression and slavery of our country a necessary evil, inevitable, and beyond remedy.

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August 1999