35Mintz notes the interpretation of Trouillot and Wolf in their categorization of slave resistance not in terms of “active” and “passive” resistance, but in the Foucauldian context of  “an exercise against power.” A similar approach was taken in this study. Mintz, "Slave Life," 17.

36Gad Heuman. Out of the House of  Bondage; Runaways, Resistance and Maroonage in Africa and the New World. (Totowa, NJ:  Cass, 1986), 5.


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