| The case for regional integration and
economic cooperation in Africa has been made and backed by significant organizations
inside and outside of Africa. A most notable external reaffirmation of the necessity of
regional economic integration and cooperation in Africa came from the former U.N.
Secretary-General, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, in December 1993. He was addressing the Panel of
High-Level Personalities on African Development that he had appointed to advise him on the
process of implementing the U.N. New Agenda for the Development of Africa in the 1990s.
The Secretary-General previously in Africa Recovery (Dec. 1993) had
...noted that regional cooperation and integration was one of the key areas for the future development of Africa. Regional markets can provide export alternatives for local producers. Regional projects can help to rationalize the use of resources and talent. Through regional alliances, African countries can give themselves the means to negotiate more favorable terms with their international counterparts.... Regional economic cooperation does not happen without great effort and great planning. Additionally, he had made recommendations to the U. N. General Assembly and to the O.A.U. on the coordination required of all organizations and countries engaged in regional integration. He was looking "forward to hearing from the Panel on how best to implement these and other practical recommendations to enhance regional cooperation."
The World Bank also was encouraging an economic development strategy that recognized the advantages associated with regional integration. Edward V. K. Jaycox, the World Bank's Africa Region Vice President at the time, publicized his thoughts in an article on challenges facing Sub-Saharan Africa and more specifically in southern and South Africa. Mr. Jaycox wrote in "The Chance of a Lifetime" (1994):