There was an editorial on the Haitian declaration of independence. On the light side, under the heading "Varieties" were articles on "Chinese Fashions," "The Egg-trade," and "Advantage of Choosing a Wife by Proxy." Two letters from friendly readers and some classified advertising finished out the contents.

A Parting of Ways

     Six months after the founding of Freedom's Journal, Cornish considered it necessary to effect a "dissolution of our connection" with the newspaper. In the issue of September l4, l827, he addressed three paragraphs "To the Patrons and Friends of 'Freedom's Journal'." He gave as his reasons l) "for my health and remove to the country" and 2) "with the help of the Presbytery of New York" to devote his time to the ministry, possibly as a missionary.

     Under Cornish's message of resignation, Russwurm signed a notice, stating that: "As Mr. Cornish will be travelling through different parts of the country, he has agreed to accept of a General Agency for the 'Journal', and is hereby authorized to transact any business relating to it." As such, Cornish remained a member of the Journal staff although in an altogether different capacity.

     Cornish's specific employment was that of director of African Free Schools for the New York Manumission Society.

     Alone as editor of the Journal, Russwurm eventually made several changes. With the second volume he shifted from a paper of four columns on four pages to one of three columns on eight pages, with slightly wider columns on pages of approximately the same size. In the second month of the second year, he introduced a weekly English grammar lesson. The final issue of the first year carried two and a half columns of index to the first volume of the Journal. Half a column of titles of poems, which appeared regularly on the fourth page, was the longest entry or category in the compilation.

     During the second year of Freedom's Journal, Russwurm leaned more and more toward the Colonizationists and liberally sprinkled pro-colonizationist sentiments in the newspaper. He lost much support among readers who disagreed with his stand; so virulent became the opposition to Russwurm that a group of angry Blacks, including former friends, burned him in effigy.5 He was forced to give up his position with the newspaper.


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February 2000