Professor Kelly Miller, Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences and at the height of his national fame and influence, maintained that industrial education and higher education were not necessarily antithetical; both forms of education were necessary. While he was one of the staunchest defenders of higher education, he saw no need to attack the industrial schools, though he vigorously opposed the attempt to make industrial education the only type of education available to Blacks. Dean Miller was responsible for the motto in the new seal of 1910, veritas and utilitas (truth and service), which attempted to find a middle ground in the controversy by appropriating Harvard’s veritas and combining it symbolically with the utilitarian emphasis of the Tuskegee program. The adoption of the new seal symbolized the end of the "old Howard." And when the smoke of controversy had cleared, there was a new consciousness that Howard would be, in Miller’s famous phrase, "the national university for the race."











<back to previous page


go to next page>


cologo2.gif (6442 bytes)

February 2000