The Black Press, 1827-1911:  Some "Firsts"

Russell L. Adams, Ph.D.


     Elsewhere in this issue, detailed attention is given to the role of America's Black press.  In this space is Part I of a two-part list of Afro-American media "firsts."

  • First Black newspaper in the New World:  Freedom's Journal, 1827, New York City.

  • First religiously-oriented newspaper, The National Reformer, 1838-1839, Philadelphia.

  • First sustained weekly newspaper, The Colored American, New York, 1835-1840.

  • First newspaper/magazine, The Mirror of Liberty, New York, 1838-1840.

  • First nationally recognized Black newspaper, The North Star, 1847-1851.

  • First Black female editor, Mary Ann Shadd-Cary, of the Provincial Freeman, 1854, Canada.

  • First Black newspaper in California, The Mirror of the Times, 1854, M.W. Gibbs, editor.

  • First Black magazine published in America, The Anglo-African, 1859.

  • First Black newspaper published in the South, The Colored American, 1865 by J.T. Shutten in Augusta, Georgia.

  • First and only daily French-English Black newspaper, The New Orleans Tribune, in 1867-72.

  • First family-owned Black newspaper, The Afro-American, founded in 1892 by John H. Murphy and published by the same family to the present.


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February 2000