Black Press, 1827-1911: Some "Firsts"
Russell L. Adams, Ph.D.
Elsewhere in this issue, detailed attention is given to the role of America's Black
press. In this space is Part I of a two-part list of Afro-American media
First Black newspaper in the
New World: Freedom's Journal, 1827, New York City.
newspaper, The National Reformer, 1838-1839, Philadelphia.
First sustained weekly
newspaper, The Colored American, New York, 1835-1840.
First newspaper/magazine, The
Mirror of Liberty, New York, 1838-1840.
First nationally recognized
Black newspaper, The North Star, 1847-1851.
First Black female editor,
Mary Ann Shadd-Cary, of the Provincial Freeman, 1854, Canada.
First Black newspaper in
California, The Mirror of the Times, 1854, M.W. Gibbs, editor.
First Black magazine
published in America, The Anglo-African, 1859.
First Black newspaper
published in the South, The Colored American, 1865 by J.T. Shutten in Augusta,
First and only daily
French-English Black newspaper, The New Orleans Tribune, in 1867-72.
First family-owned Black
newspaper, The Afro-American, founded in 1892 by John H. Murphy and published by
the same family to the present.